Meaning of Hybrid Technology in the Auto Industry

Hybrid. Are you already laid with the diction? Later, many manufacturers are offering car with frills hybrid. Lastly is the Mercedes-Benz Global plans to bring the S-Class Mid Hybrid Technology based car.

Growth of Hybrid Technology in Auto Industry

Yes, the Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV) which is quite famous prominence it now has a variant with hybrid engines, and first compact SUV in Indonesia. But, whether hybrid technology is already familiar in the minds of the public? Though the advantages of using hybrid cars is very clear, more fuel-efficient, lower emissions, and certainly more environmentally friendly.

What Is a Hybrid

The term hybrid actually did not come from the automotive world. This term is better known from the food industry or agriculture. That is an attempt to combine two elements in order to get more profit. Hybrid maize knows? Hybrid rice? Well, we will not discuss further about agriculture.

Model-of-a-hybrid-electric-vehicleEfforts to combine the two elements even this turned out to be done in processing power in the car. The trick is to combine two power producers with different working principles to get the same goal: power.
Combined is an internal combustion engine unit as a conventional engine combined with the power source of motor power. This is the basic system of the hybrid technology engine.

What are the components of the Underlying Internal combustion engine?

You may recognize the term conventional engines. Machines used in hybrid cars do not have differences with the machine in general. Combustion occurs in the combustion chamber with fuel and air men go more slowly than triggered by a spark or compression. This machine is still needed in hybrid technology as the largest energy providers. To fill the fuel you also still need to stop by the General Fuel Filling Stations (Gas Station).

Electric Motor-Generator

Model-of-a-hybrid-electric-vehicleTo more easily imagine it, you know dynamo in Tamiya toy that can drive the wheels? Well, let’s just say there’s a version with a larger scale of the dynamo it in your car to drive the wheels. This device is called an electric motor. His job is to provide kinetic energy (motor) on wheels with an electric power source, and also turning into a producer of electricity (generator) with a source of kinetic energy from the deceleration of the car when braking.


Hybrid-baterai-lithiumIf you immediately imagine the battery is the unit that we often refer to as the battery, then the big one. The battery is not what we mean. The batteries in a hybrid car are a unit that has a shelf life greater than the electric battery. Generally, the construction consists of a slab of nickel or the latest, lithium. Dimensions are quite large, Nissan and Toyota Camry, for example, should be reduced some trunk space in order to put this battery. His job is to store and supply energy to drive electric motors.

Types of Hybrid Cars


hybrid-car-innovation-audi-a6-hybridAlthough the system basically consists of a combination of two types of engines, but as the development and use, the hybrid engine system has a kind of general classification. Here are the divisions according to Edmund’s.

Hybrid-PorscheAlternator in Mild Hybrid technology called Integrated Starter Generator Suzuki is also able to provide additional round machine. In the scheme of Mild Hybrid, also needed a lithium battery to power the electric motor. However, more compact dimensions, so the production costs are needed can be reduced.

Full Hybrid

Kind of hybrid cars is that we often encounter on the highway. The system certainly has all the basic devices of hybrid cars. Let us look Nissan’s all-new X-Trail Hybrid sold in Indonesia at a price RP 600 million. This car has a 2.0-liter conventional engine-powered 147 hp with 207 Nm of torque. Electric motors, power can contribute up to 41 hp. This electric motor power source of lithium ion batteries.

Discover-Amazing-Cross-section-View-Of-22-Everyday-Objects-Cut-In-Half-11Thanks to this hybrid system, the performance of energy-Tral 2.0 Hybrid X equivalent to X-Trail the larger engined 2.5-liter, but more efficient than X-Trail 2.0-liter conventional. On the official website, Nissan Indonesia called the results of testing of fuel consumption in Japan (JC08) shows that the New X-trail petrol Hybrid consumes 20.6 Km / l. This economical consumption possible because the full hybrid car has the ability to move without burning the fuel completely and rely on the electric motor alone. Typically these systems in action at speed 0 to low speed. At Nissan X-Trail Hybrid, when the system is active, EV logo will appear on the instrument panel.

Plug-In Hybrid

This system is the development of a Full Hybrid. Swing capability by relying fully electric energy, charging the battery when deceleration, increasing power. So what’s the difference?

hybrid-carIt is car system Plug-In Hybrid can be charged directly by the adapter from the power house. So the battery can be charged when the car is parked or when visiting an electric charging station. The work function of Plug in Hybrid cars also typically can even run up to high speed by relying on the electric motor alone. At Mercedes-Benz, for example, the selection of E-Mode, then both at low speeds and when high performance, the car will rely on the intake of energy from the electric motor alone, without a drop of fuel is processed.
So every day you can use it like an electric car. There was no exhaust sound, did not also produce emissions, and only need ménage canyon alone. It has the ability total electric cars and conventional cars. Naturally, if the price is more expensive than the hybrid variant only.

Hybrid Performance

This type may in fact you often see, but it is difficult to identify. Consider the pole racing Formula 1. Yes, the cars in Formula 1 today even since a few years ago, already reflect the use of this technology.

FiToaYes, since regulatory changes in 2009, not only the turbo are used to increase power while reducing engine capacity, but the electric motor is also embedded in the F1 car and its battery lithium not, to boost power. 1.6-liter V6 turbo engine generating about 600 horsepower, while the electric motor can contribute up to 160 hp. Of course power is amazing considering the amount of any conventional engine capacity of 1.6 liters only.

On the highway, the use of technology with similar objectives carried out by Porsche, Lexus, and several other high-performance car manufacturers. As a car with a powerful engine character, certainly their aim to immerse the electric motor is to inject power from low RPM while promoting environmental friendliness.

Also Read: 6 Equipment That Needs Every Car Owner


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